À l’origine, l’open source désigne une méthodologie de développement de logiciels informatiques. Elle est fondée sur les principes de libre accès, libre modification et libre redistribution du code source rédigé par le développeur. L’objectif : ouvrir à tous la possibilité de faire évoluer un logiciel, afin que celui-ci s’améliore et touche davantage d’utilisateurs. En 2014, Lars Zimmermann crée le réseau OSCEdays avec cette idée en tête : et si on appliquait ces principes à d’autres domaines qu’au logiciel ?
OSCEdays is a global platform where ideas and processes are shared in an effort to offer a collective response to the challenges of the ecological production of new goods and services. It promotes the circular economy and its values by organizing local events attended by anyone who wants to innovate in sectors as varied as waste management, sustainable design or responsible fashion.
The goal is to favour responsible consumption and sustainable production by creating local communities capable of taking concrete innovative actions.
Designer des produits facilement recyclables
Artist, economist and multiple-entrepreneur of German origin, Lars Zimmermann is a curious man. As early as 2009, he considered forming an innovative community, whose principles would be based on those of “regenerative design”. This notion comes from the world of architecture and refers to modes of designing material goods, of which every single component part is 100% reusable. In his efforts to develop a market for entirely recyclable products, Lars Zimmermann took this principle even further, by claiming that manufacturing or repair plans, be they for chairs or washing machines, must be “open”. He started off by talking about “open regenerative design”, before realising that he was simply adopting two concepts that already existed: the circular economy and freeware. The OSCEdays community, or Open Source Circular Economy days, was born.
It is based on an “open” philosophy and the design of circular goods and services. Just like open source software, circular products must also be “open”, so that they are easy to remake, redistribute and recycle. To bring the community to life, he needed to bring together groups of designers, inventors, NGOs or citizens who would be attracted by his vision.
Vélos open source, réparation collaborative de smartphone
XYZ Cargos are two- or three-wheel cargo cycles that are produced and distributed according to the principles of the circular economy. Developed by a group of artist-architects based in Copenhagen, Denmark, the bikes’ design drawings are made public, in line with the principles of open source. So anyone can make, modify or reinvent them.
Elsewhere, thanks to the IFixit platform, anyone can produce manuals and tutorials that are legally hacked and then shared in order to repair smartphones. In another example, Shower Loop develops and sells a water-saving device for showers and other unpatented solutions that households can use to keep tight control over their domestic water consumption. These projects create open and circular economic models, based on a do-it-yourself philosophy. “These are typical OSCE projects” comments Lars Zimmermann, whose platform aims precisely to act as a catalyst for these concrete experiments.
Every year, a worldwide event is held in Berlin, which is the home of the team of organisers. It is simultaneously engaged with other very active communities in Bogota, Cape Town, Chicago, Guéret and Singapore. In 2016, around 70 towns and cities joined in hackathons to collectively solve a major problem, workshops to exchange and share new know-how, conferences and demonstrations of solutions that have already proven their relevance and efficiency. But OSCEdays extends beyond this event and takes other forms too. Anyone can continuously participate in the forum and the guide to circular solutions on the online platform. It is also possible to organise events and develop local communities under the OSCEdays banner, either in close cooperation with the Berlin-based team, or independently. All these initiatives come together to form a fluid, decentralised and open network.
Meeting at a local event, Berlin, Germany © OSCEdays